This research focuses on young Mexican American girls who are not formal gang members yet participate in street-based activities of male gangs and engage in risk behaviors. These females comprise a larger proportion associated with male gangs in inner-city neighborhoods than actual female gang members. Using a qualitative design, the article presents a typology of Mexican American females that reveals a hierarchy based on exposure to four risk-related activities: sexual relations, partying, substance use, and crime. Also, regardless of their relationship to the gang, participation in these activities resulted in different degrees of negative outcomes. The study concludes that problems associated with these females must go beyond being viewed as individual problems but rather seen within the social, cultural, and economic conditions of their environment. Most studies on females associated with male gangs have focused exclusively on female gang members.
As California goes, so goes the country
View research View latest news Sign up for updates. Based on interviews with twenty-one present and former female gang members, this study focuses on Mexican-American gang girls as they operate within the Mexican-American gang milieu in the San Fernando Valley of Los Angeles, California. The violence demanded of gang members is described within the context of the gang subculture.
It is one of the largest transnational criminal gangs in Los Angeles, with 30, to 50, members in 20 states across the US alone and is also allied with the Mexican Mafia. They were originally part of Clanton 14 but wanted to make a separate "clique" called Clanton 18th Street and allow immigrants the opportunity to join. This proposal was rejected by the Clanton 14, which led to the formation of the 18th Street gang. The two gangs have been bitter rivals ever since. The 18th Street gang grew by expanding its membership to other nationalities and races, and it was among the first multiracial, multi-ethnic gangs in Los Angeles.
Suspected members of the Zeta cartel, among them minors who were told only to show their backs, are presented to the media in Guadalajara June 14, Although she said she was trained as a hitwoman, it was unclear if she had killed anyone yet. Rising youth unemployment, easy access to drugs and the quick cash cartels offer recruits are all blamed for felling. The arrest of Mendoza and another year-old girl with her, Isela Sandoval, is part of the trend. Sandoval also said she had been trained as a hitwoman but that she had not killed anyone yet, according to Mexican media reports.