The document had to be ratified by at least nine of the thirteen states, as stipulated in the agreed-upon ratification process. To gain the necessary support for ratification in New York, and to influence the debate nationally, Alexander Hamilton , James Madison , and John Jay wrote a series of eighty-five articles in favor of the proposed Constitution. Writing under the pen name, "Publius" the authors described the inherent weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation and urged adoption of the recently drafted Constitution. The series championed a federal government made unique by a system of "checks and balances" designed to prevent any one of the three branches from overpowering the others. The immediate goal of the authors was to sway public opinion in favor of ratification, but the essays have endured as an eloquent defense of constitutional government. They remain, as Thomas Jefferson noted, "the best commentary on the principles of government which ever was written. Written between October and May , the essays were initially published in four New York newspapers over the spring and summer of , with newspapers in other states quickly reprinting them. Immediately, the essays appeared in book form. The first thirty-six essays were published in March of by J.
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Have a question? Need assistance? Use our online form to ask a librarian for help. The essays were published anonymously, under the pen name "Publius," in various New York state newspapers of the time.
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The Federalist Papers is a collection of 85 articles and essays written by Alexander Hamilton , James Madison , and John Jay under the collective pseudonym "Publius" to promote the ratification of the United States Constitution. The collection was commonly known as The Federalist until the name The Federalist Papers emerged in the 20th century. McLean in March and May The authors of The Federalist intended to influence the voters to ratify the Constitution. In Federalist No. It has been frequently remarked, that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not, of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend, for their political constitutions, on accident and force. Federalist No. In it, Madison discusses the means of preventing rule by majority faction and advocates a large, commercial republic. This is complemented by Federalist No. Morris , the essays that make up The Federalist Papers are an "incomparable exposition of the Constitution, a classic in political science unsurpassed in both breadth and depth by the product of any later American writer.
When President Trump ran for office four years ago, a conservative writer with a growing following vented the kind of doubt and cynicism that was common among people like her who worried about the damage he could do to their cause. Today, that writer, Mollie Hemingway, is one of Mr. Her pieces for The Federalist, where she is a senior editor, have earned presidential retweets and affirmation for their scathing criticism of Democrats and the news media, whom she accuses of lying about just about everything when it comes to the president. Hemingway is part of a group of conservative commentators — who have large social media followings, successful podcasts and daily Fox News appearances — that has helped insulate the president and preserve his popularity with his base, even as many Americans say they are likely to vote against him in November.